In this paper I addressed the issue of whether robots could substitute for human care, given the challenges in aged care induced by the demographic change. Looking at the question whether caring must be true at all to promote a care recipient's well-being, I gave some indication that this is not always the case in human caring either.
List of ethical issues in healthcare
I argued that ethical issues like deception and dignity might be mitigated by evidence that those concerned or potentially concerned do not really seem affected by them. In conclusion, it is my opinion that, while robots don't appear to be able to give true caring in the foreseeable future, it may be sufficient for robots to take part in caring when they behave as if they care, that is, give the illusion that they respond to the feelings and the suffering of their care recipients. The author confirms being the sole contributor of this work and approved it for publication. The author declares that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.
The author expresses his thanks for valuable comments from the two reviewers and from the associate editors Wanja Wiese and Jennifer Windt. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Front Psychol v. Front Psychol. Published online Apr 3. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.
This article was submitted to Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychology. Received Dec 18; Accepted Mar Keywords: care robots, artificial agents, companions, consciousness, emotions, ethics. The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author s and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
The Elderly: Legal and Ethical Issues in Healthcare Policy - CRC Press Book
Introduction Robots have become a big issue in the twenty-first century, not least in elderly assistance. Robots as substitute for human care? Conclusion In this paper I addressed the issue of whether robots could substitute for human care, given the challenges in aged care induced by the demographic change. Author contributions The author confirms being the sole contributor of this work and approved it for publication.
- Ethical Dimensions of Geriatric Care - S. F. Spicker - Paperback () » Bokkilden.
- Value Conflicts for the 21st Century.
Conflict of interest statement The author declares that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. References Cecil P. An exploration of emotional protection and regulation in nurse-patient interactions: the role of the professional face and the emotional mirror.
Collegian 22 , — Making space for empathy: supporting doctors in the emotional labour of clinical care.
BMC Med. Ethics 17 Let's get personal: Assessing the impact of personal information in human-agent conversations , in Human-Computer Interaction.
Berlin: Springer; , — Two principles for robot ethics , in Robotik und Gesetzgebung , eds Hilgendorf E. Baden-Baden: Nomos; , — Hey robot, why don't you talk to me? Empathy in virtual agents and robots: a survey.
Ethics - as the discipline concerned with right or wrong conduct and moral duty - pervades hospital rooms, nursing home corridors, physicians' offices, and the halls of Congress as decisions are made that concern the allocation of health-related services to individuals and groups in need. In particular, care of older persons recently has received dispropor- tionate attention in discussions of ethics and clinical care. Age alone, of course, should not generate special focus on ill individuals about whom concerns arise based on value conflicts tacitly involved in the delivery of health care.
Having said that age is not the principal criterion for attention to ethics-based concerns in health care, it must be acknowl- edged that old people have a high prevalence of conditions that provoke interest and put them in harm's way if value conflicts are not identified and seriously addressed. Issues that concern autonomy, the allocation of scarce resources, inter-generational competition and conflict, the withholding of treat- ment in treatable disease, and substitute and proxy decision making for the cognitively impaired all have special relevance for older persons.
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